Bug Report is a important part of the software testing. As a software testers must have knowledge of reporting defects to the developers. Whenever software tester logged a defect, it should be effective and easy to understand to the developer. So it will have higher chances for the fixed the defect by the developers .
So In this article we are trying to explain how to write a quality and effective defect report. First of all we will discuss the bug report. Before writing the bug report example we will discuss the meaning of bug reporting.
Bug Report Meaning
In software testing, when testers observe the difference between the actual result and expected result during the test case execution then testers need to report the issue to the developer to resolve the issue. Generally report is a one kind of collection of information mentioned in the document.
“A bug report is a specific document where the collection of information about the issues on the web application or mobile application. In the report, detailed information regarding the errors, steps, test environments, summary, actual issue, expected behavior and the attachment are mentioned.”
Bug Report Format
Actually bug report format mostly depends on the organization. Because of this some organizations use bug reporting tools or use excel for bug reporting. Organizations may use defect tracking tools such as JIRA, Bugzilla, Mantis or Zoho.
In JIRA Format :
In JIRA project management tool bug report format will be as below.
|Summary:||Login button does not work.|
|Problem Description:||When a user tries to click on the login button then the login button is not working.|
|Found Environment:||Testing Environment|
In Excel Format :
If any organization does not use any project management tool for defect tracking then Excel sheets will be most helpful to log a defect and assign it to the developer team. Below we have mentioned in excel format.
|Bug Title||Here you can enter the defect title|
|Steps to reproduce||Here you can enter the steps to reproduce the issue.|
|Actual Result||Enter the actual result|
|Expected Result||Enter the expected result|
|Date of Reporting||Enter the date of reporting issue|
|Priority||Enter the priority of the issue|
|Severity||Enter the severity of the issue|
|Status||Enter the status of the issue|
|Reported by||Enter the reporter name|
|Assigned to||Enter the assignee|
Bug Report Example
As above mentioned it in the excel format, we will see how to effectively write bug reports in excel. It will be useful to testers for practice purposes who do not have any project management tool.
|Bug_ID||Bug_Title||Steps to reproduce||Actual Result||Expected Result||Date of Reporting||Priority||QA|
|1||Login button does not work.||1. Navigate to “Url”|
2. Enter valid email id
3. Enter valid password
4. Click on “Login” button
5. Observe the behavior
|Login button is not clickable.||Users should be able to click on it and be able to log in the application.||12/6/2022||High||George|
Bug Report Template
For the bug reports template we can use the excel template for the defect reporting. So This template will be useful to the testers who do not use any defect tracking tool for the defect reporting. As based on the template, It will get an idea about how to write quality defect reports.
Bug Report Template in Manual Testing :
|Bug_ID||Bug_Title||Steps to reproduce||Actual Result||Expected Result||Date of Reporting||Severity||Priority||Status||Reported by||Assigned to|
So in this way bug reports in software testing is the most important topic. Based on the defect logging, the developer team will work on the issue. So the tester must be good at bug reporting.